Real Property Cadastre and Register of Lithuania
Lithuanian land properties acquired by owners are registered in the Real Property Cadastre and Register. Upon registration, the property is put on a digital map that allows to check whether the limits of the new property do not intersect with the limits of neighbouring properties that are already included in the Real Estate Cadastre or with boundaries of administrative units, cadastre areas and blocks, or with adjacent roads, water bodies or waterways.
For putting the property boundaries on digital maps, cartographic materials and georeferenced data of Lithuania are used. Because the properties created during the land reform since 1992 were first registered in the Real Property Cadastre and Register and only later put on maps, there is considerable number of property discrepancies.
In 2005, a process of rectification and updating of cadastre maps started with the aim of rectifying those borders of properties that border such terrain objects as roads or waterways. The boundaries of adjacent properties put on the cadastre maps were checked later on the basis of updated cartographic materials.
What does the Lithuanian Real Property Cadastre and Register offer?
You can find real property including land, buildings and separate premises in the register of real property of Lithuania. Both factual and legal data are available.
Factual data about the property consist of:
- Year of construction
- Owner name
Legal data include:
- Agreements of joint ownership
- Court rulings
The Register is maintained by the State Enterprise Centre of Registers and is supervised by the Ministry of Justice.
Efficient administration of land property requires reliable geographic data. The creation of Lithuanian georeferenced data started before the accession to the EU. An opinion poll was conducted among users and producers of geographic data that allowed defining priority areas for geographic data production for both producers of electronic products and for general population.
The priority areas are administrative borders, hydrography, transport, forests, borders of real property units entered in the cadastre, addresses, terrain and geographical names. Current geographic data is improved by making their management efficient, guaranteeing interactivity and interface, simplifying access, improving data quality and promoting.
After regaining independence from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1991, Lithuania underwent significant changes in its governmental structure. It involved the development of laws to restore land ownership and organize a system to manage real property that helps re-establish confidence in a country's ownership.
After initial attempts to use legal information and topographical maps as a basis for developing a cadastral system to support land ownership program, it was decided that historic survey and data errors were being perpetuated from the old system. Lithuania's State Land Cadastre Enterprise formed a special committee to examine the current technology with the purpose to implement a digitally based cadastral system.
With the assistance from a special Denmark Lithuania land survey and the PHARE programme, Lithuania's State Land Surveying Institute implemented a cadastral mapping production system based on Esri software.
Later, the State Enterprise Centre of Registers was established and its tasks included with integrating real estate records and cadastre data into a single system. Data from land register and buildings, construction projects, houses, and apartments were integrated into the Real Property Information System. Legal, technical and geographic records have been integrated into the system as well.